Understanding Comparative Law
The study of differences and similarities of laws between various nations is what is known as Comparative Law. It involves the study of many different legal systems that are there in the world. Some of these jurisdictions include the common law, the Chinese law, the Jewish law, the Hindu law, the socialist law, the canon law, the Islamic law, and the civil law. Legal scholars used to practice comparative methodologies before the modern comparative law was established in the 18th century. The Comparative law has its origins in Europe.
Sir Henry is a British jurist and legal historian. He invented comparative and anthropological jurisprudence. He was committed to the development of legal institutions in ancient societies. He was motivated by the need to have a comparative discussion of Eastern and Western legal traditions. Henry’s work was read widely and went on to become very influential. The first University to introduce the subject of comparative law in 1860 was the University of Oxford. Sir Henry became the professor of the subject in the university. The comparative law was taken to the US by a legal scholar who was escaping persecution in Germany. His name is Rudolf Schlesinger. Several disciplined branched out from the Comparative law. They include comparative criminal law, comparative constitutional law, comparative commercial law, comparative administrative law and comparative civil law.
Sujit Choudhry is a law advisor who is an internationally recognized authority when it comes to comparative constitutional law. He builds constitutional processes by combining various research agendas and his skills as an advisor. Sujit bases his research on the following constitution areas:
- Official language policy
- Constitutional courts
- Secession and decentralization
- Proportionality and bill of rights
- Group and minority rights
Sujit is involved in countries such as Sri Lanka, Tunisia, Libya, Nepal, Jordan, Egypt, and South Africa. Sujit serves as a member of the International Journal of Constitutional Law Board of Editors. He is the founding director of the center for constitutional transitions, which is involved in territorial cleavages in constitutional changes. The organization also offers the knowledge needed to build constitutions. Sujit is a former consultant with the World Bank Institute and the United Nations Development Program. Sujit is a member of the United Nations Mediation Roster.
Comparative law has become very influential and has been embraced by many universities as a subject since its introduction. The comparative law has also brought numerous changes to the modern legal systems all over the world.